The false economy of Customer Retention
Recently I cancelled my account with Neverfail*.
They, ironically, regularly failed to deliver my water.
And I’m cool with tap water again anyway.
After speaking to customer service, they transferred me to a ‘specialist’ to discuss cancelling the account.
What came next was predictable for anyone in contact centres.
I was offered a discount to stay. (hilariously, I was also told I qualified a long time ago for reduced rental on the dispenser and they had just forgotten to apply it. Even more reason to leave.)
So I said no thanks.
I’d been too far burned by several attempts to organise deliveries with little bother from Neverfail to fix the issue.
And I left and I’ll never go back.
But it did get me thinking about retention or lack thereof.
Neverfail utilised a very common tactic used by businesses across the industry spectrum – especially financial services, telecommunications and energy.
Customer calls and say they want to close their account – Presto!
Transferred to a magic genie who can offer you a discount to stay.
It’s called retention, but after several years of managing such an operation, I now call BS.
The Customer Retention Way of Thinking
The thinking in business (especially big business) about customer retention goes like this:
- See a truckload of attrition out the back door
- Set up a team to entice customers to stay when they show an exit “trigger”, usually by offering discounts
- They do an excellent job, so throw more bodies at it and watch the “retention” numbers grow
- Sit around and pat each other on the back about the excellent job we’re all doing
Why Customer Retention is not real
But here’s the problem, businesses that do this are setting up a fake economy.
It’s not retention. Those customers are no longer customers of your business.
They have no loyalty to your brand. Theyre not advocates. They just screwed you for a good deal.
And good for them.
When they talk about you at their next barbecue, they’re not talking about how good you are.
They’re talking about how malleable you are.
In NPS language, you just brought yourself a new kind of detractor.
And these detractors are now customers of the shadowy underbelly of your business.
These “customers” – if you can barely call them that anymore – are getting a free ride from you.
And this strategy gets dangerous when we build false metrics around retention performance.
It’s in the interest of retention leaders to apply black and white rules to trigger conversions and retained terms.
But when a customer tells you they’re leaving, it’s now a distinctly grey situation.
We can never know the customer’s intent at this point.
Firstly, customers are increasingly wise and will game the system.
You dont even know if they ever intended to leave.
Secondly, you’re now living on borrowed time because the customer has signalled they’re not willing to do business on your terms, and they’ll go at any moment.
And when you incentivise staff to make “retentions”, it’s in their interest to deem every customer a flight risk, shove a discount down their throat and call it a retention.
And so measuring the success of retention is a dark art built on assumptions.
But this dark art can show promising results. Look how many triggers we (think) we converted!
Look at the value of these (now detracting) customers! Look how long they (might) stay (or might have anyway). Every retention is weighed on the full value of the customer.
Executives get addicted to these figures because it shows that at least someone is doing something.
They’ll counter that they’re still breaking even and making a – now lesser – profit from these shadow customers.
But if that’s the business strategy, build your business on a low-cost model in the first place. Qantas had the foresight to set up Jetstar for example.
How to truly manage Customer Retention
We need to bake customer retention into our business models. Not tack it on at the end.
We’ll hurt in the short term, but in the long term, we’ll be forced to innovate, forced to provide value to our customers and compete in the market on the virtue of our products and service, not desperate handouts.
All the resources we allocate to retention teams could be utilised for achieving excellence in our business.
Build an impeccable complaints handling process so that you deal with issues before they escalate and differentiate your customer service so that it becomes a part of your value proposition.
The predictive analytics we use for retention today could be analysed instead to help us create meaningful loyalty programs that create outrageously passionate customers (preferably without cards or apps, but that’s a topic for another day).
In business, relationships are paramount. Imagine if you were in a relationship in your personal life with someone and they told you they want to end it. But then you convinced them to stay by giving them a gift. It would never be the same again. As BB King sang, the thrill is gone.
So, let’s find the competitive edge that makes customers feel truly loyal.
You can build a wildly successful business that way.
If you must plug up the back end by cheapening your product, ask yourself why.
*Disclaimer – Just because I had a bad experience with Neverfail, doesn’t mean anyone else does. I have no idea if I was just a fluke case. It happens sometimes!
- Read: 4 Common CX Failures made by business
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